In India, a wedding is a very grand and an opulent affair. Rich and heavy jewellery make an important element at the Indian wedding. One cannot even imagine an Indian wedding without jewellery. Jewelry forms a very important part of the overall attire of an Indian bride. The bride is adorned in beautiful jewelries from top to bottom.
The reason why jewelries are given extreme importance in all Indian wedding is because weddings are considered to be sacred and hence great importance is given to the jewelry worn by the bride. It is believed that jewellery strengthens and signify the sanctity of the bond. Traditionally, the reason why brides were gifted heavy jewelries on their weddings, was because, they left their own house and family and go to a new family and start a new life, all alone. The jewellery is said to be something that is absolutely hers, ‘stri dhan’ (wealth of women) which can be used during her difficult times. Moreover, jewelries also show one’s status and class in the society.
The bride and groom are the most sought after individuals, and hence, they should stand out from the rest of the crowd. Therefore, special bridal jewellery is very popular. It adds an additional tone to the beauty of the bride.
All the popular gold shops in India have a separate exclusive section dedicated to Bridal Jewellery where jewelleries are available in different price range, designs and demands. Most of the revenue for these stores comes from the sale of “Bridal Jewellery“. No one wants to compromise when it comes to Bridal Jewellery.
Bridal Jewellery Sets
The bridal set worn on the wedding day consists of a necklace, maang tikka, bangles, earrings, nose pins, hair accessories, anklets and much more. This is a gift that the bride receives from her in-laws. A lot of credit is given to the bridal set as it adds to the beauty, charm and elegance of the bride.
These are heavy chains of gold, also embellished with pearls, diamond or precious stones. This piece of jewellery, can be worn at different lengths. “Choker” is a one such style, which fits just right on the neck of the bride. These can be customized based on the size of the neck.
Earrings are pieces of jewellery that adorn a bride’s ear. More than studs, dangling pieces of neatly engraved gold with precious and semi-precious stones are worn. The generally come as a set to match with the necklace. These can also be bought individually and mix-matched with the necklace.
Hair Accessories include “maang-tikka” and juda pins. “Rakhoodi” is a circular ornament that adorns the bun. A collection of these rakhoodi’s is called “billais” and these are used to adorn the braided plait. The Muslim bride wears “Jhoomar” on her wedding day.
The “parandha” or the “kunjalams” are tied to the end of the braid as danglers. These can be colourful and embellished in pearls and precious stones.
Bangles are indeed an identity for the brides. A bride is supposed to have a hand full of red or green colored with gold or any other metals, depending on the custom and religion. Bangles are also one of the important components of the ‘solah sringar’ (16 adornments for a Hindu Bride). Bangles are considered to be really sacred and many Bollywood actresses have highlighted their importance in their songs and movies.
A Bracelet adds beauty to the Bridal Jewellery. Although it is a modern aspect and recently introduced, a bracelet can still look traditional. Bridal bracelets are different from the normal bracelets available in the market. They are heavy and the design is more traditional.
The nose – pin or the “naathni”, is worn generally on the left nostril. This can be a stud or a ring. The ring can also be attached to a chain and pinned on the hair for support. These are available in Gold with pearls and precious stones studded on them.
Also known as “payal”, are thick chains constituting of tiny bells and trinkets worn around the ankle. A bride symbolizes happiness and her step into the new house with her husband is considered to bring prosperity into the house. The idea behind a payal is that, when the bells on the anklets tinkle making beautiful music while the bride walks, it adds to the atmosphere of happiness! Anklets again are a part of the “solah sringar”.
Armlets or “Baaju-bands” are worn on the forearm. The traditional idea behind the baaju-band is that it is believed to keep evil away. They are a symbol of beauty and are usually made of gold and precious gemstones. This is an important element again in Bridal Jewellery.
Waist-belts are an absolute classic. The waist-belts are an absolute necessity at the South Indian, Maharashtrian as well as Rajasthani and Gujarati weddings. This is a piece of jewellery are tied around the waist above the saree. Waist-belts, also called ”kamarbands”in North India and “vadannam”in the South, are available in a variety of designs made of gold and other precious gemstones. The piece if jewellery not only enhances the waist, but also keeps the Bridal saree in place.
Some Of The Different Types Of Wedding Jewellery
Bridal Jewellery can be purchased online as well as at the retail stores. These can be pure kundan, jadao, plain gold or diamonds. Every bride looks stunning on her wedding day. The happiness is seen through the eyes of the bride and her calm timid smile.
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